Fathers Day around the world

father-and-baby banner mayby

Hello again and thank you for all the thousands of likes and the amazing comments we have, deep gratitude, you give us the support for the many hours and days of work to research the content that we share with you. Our intention is to reach the whole planet and we are pretty much there already. We love the fact that everyone gets honored and addressed. We try to make a difference in someone’s life one post at a time. We love the feedback that we get from all over the world We are doing just that, it touches us very deeply, with that said on week 48 we are honoring FATHERS on their day, the history of it around the world, recipes, gifts, gift ideas, and incredibly touching videos.

I learned very young that a father is the one that raises you and teaches you about life. He is the one that teaches boundaries, mothers teach social skills. He lets you get away with eating and doing what your mother doesn’t, hee, hee( mischievous little laugh) we all know that about dads, love it, I didn’t have a father available at the beginning of my life for whatever reason, that was a matter in between my mother and him and I respected that still. Later in my life, my mother married an amazing man that fathered me in a way that every time I think about him, it makes my heart sing with love. He was everything to me, we did so much together, I love him deeply. So I have seen it time and time again a father is the one that walks next to you in life and loves you unconditionally, period. The rest is victim food, not for me at all.

I would like to honor here fathers that I know have made a huge difference in their child’s life. I want to start with my father Carlos Iglesias, love you dad !!!, My sweet father in law Kermit Watson for his sweet loving kind son, my dear husband. My dear friend Carme Tenuta’s, father Angelo Gabriel Tenuta, he sure raised an amazing daughter, My dear friend Ride Shane that against all odds continues to be an exemplary father that I truly look up to, To all the amazing fathers that work with us at Reel Chefs Catering Feliz Dia De El Padre!!!!! our friend Rene Rignalda, Bud Skulski, and all his sons that are amazing fathers much love to you all our neighbor Reiner and all the fathers of the planet much love and respect to you.

Father’s Day is a day when we honor our dad and offer him our gratitude for all the hardships that he must have encountered during our parenting. It is also a way of recollecting happy moments together and expressing our heartfelt thanks to him, I personally am forever grateful. Thus, all across the globe, people unite in the joyous spirit of Father’s Day celebration in order to credit their dads and to put across their sincere feelings towards him is a celebration honoring fathers and celebrating fatherhood, paternal bonds, and the influence of fathers in society. Many countries celebrate it on the third Sunday of June, though it is also celebrated widely on other days by many other countries.. They celebrate dads with cards, food, sports gifts, chocolates, flowers and other tokens of love. Children also make it a point that they spend quality time with their dads indulging in various activities. Though Father’s Day sees celebration all across the globe, it is not assigned a fixed date that is internationally accepted.
Father’s Day was inaugurated in the United States in the early 20th century to complement Mother’s Day in celebrating fathers and male parenting.

Also, I like to honor my father-in-law for the amazing gift my husband Steve he did such a great job with his kids and is so supportive and living with me, Love you papa Kirm.

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued the first presidential proclamation honoring fathers, designating the third Sunday in June as Father’s Day. Six years later, the day was made a permanent national holiday when President Richard Nixon signed it into law in 1972.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First observance

 

Grace Golden Clayton may have been inspired by Anna Jarvis’ work to establish Mother’s Day; two months prior, Jarvis had held a celebration for her dead mother in Grafton, West Virginia, a town about 15 miles (24 km) away from Fairmont.

After Anna Jarvis’ successful promotion of Mother’s Day in Grafton, West Virginia, the first observance of a “Father’s Day” was held on July 5, 1908, in Fairmont, West Virginia, in the Williams Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church South, now known as Central United Methodist Church.Grace Golden Clayton was mourning the loss of her father when, on December 1907, the Monongah Mining Disaster in nearby Monongah killed 361 men, 250 of them fathers, leaving around a thousand fatherless children. Clayton suggested her pastor Robert Thomas Webb to honor all those fathers.

Clayton’s event did not have repercussions outside of Fairmont for several reasons, among them: the city was overwhelmed by other events at the time, the celebration was never promoted outside of the town itself and no proclamation was made in the city council. Also two other events overshadowed this event: the celebration of Independence Day July 4, 1908, with 12,000 attendants and several shows including a hot air balloon event, which took over the headlines in the following days, and the death of a 16-year-old girl on July 4. The local church and council were overwhelmed and they did not even think of promoting the fathers Day event, and it was not celebrated again for many years to come. The original sermon was not reproduced in press and it was lost. Finally, Clayton was a quiet person, who never promoted the event or even talked to other persons about it.

 

 

 

Father and daughter

Sonora Louise and father William Jackson

In 1910, a Father’s Day celebration was held in Spokane, Washington, at the YMCA by Sonora Smart Dodd, who was born in Arkansas.  Its first celebration was in the Spokane YMCA on June 19, 1910. Her father, the civil war veteran William Jackson Smart, was a single parent who raised his six children there.  After hearing a sermon about Jarvis’ Mother’s Day in 1909 at Central Methodist Episcopal Church, she told her pastor that fathers should have a similar holiday honoring them.  Although she initially suggested June 5, her father’s birthday, the pastors did not have enough time to prepare their sermons, and the celebration was deferred to the third Sunday of June. Several local clergymen accepted the idea, and on June 19, 1910, the first Father’s Day, “sermons honoring fathers were presented throughout the city.”

However, in the 1920s, Dodd stopped promoting the celebration because she was studying in the Art Institute of Chicago, and it faded into relative obscurity, even in Spokane.  In the 1930s, Dodd returned to Spokane and started promoting the celebration again, raising awareness at a national level. She had the help of those trade groups that would benefit most from the holiday, for example, the manufacturers of ties, tobacco pipes, and any traditional present to fathers. By 1938 she had the help of the Father’s Day Council, founded by the New York Associated Men’s Wear Retailers to consolidate and systematize the commercial promotion.  Americans resisted the holiday for its first few decades, viewing it as nothing more than an attempt by merchants to replicate the commercial success of Mother’s Day, and newspapers frequently featured cynical and sarcastic attacks and jokes.  However, said merchants remained resilient and even incorporated these attacks into their advertisements. By the mid-1980s, the Father’s Council wrote that “Father’s Day has become a Second Christmas for all the men’s gift-oriented industries.”

A bill to accord national recognition of the holiday was introduced in Congress in 1913.  In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson went to Spokane to speak in a Father’s Day celebration and wanted to make it official, but Congress resisted, fearing that it would become commercialized. US President Calvin Coolidge recommended in 1924 that the day be observed by the nation, but stopped short of issuing a national proclamation. Two earlier attempts to formally recognize the holiday had been defeated by Congress. In 1957, Maine Senator Margaret Chase Smith wrote a proposal accusing Congress of ignoring fathers for 40 years while honoring mothers, thus “[singling] out just one of our two parents”. In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued the first presidential proclamation honoring fathers, designating the third Sunday in June as Father’s Day. Six years later, the day was made a permanent national holiday when President Richard Nixon signed it into law in 1972.

In addition to Father’s Day, International Men’s Day is celebrated in many countries on November 19 for men and boys who are not fathers.

 

 

I would like to honor the fathers that are serving in the army and cannot be home on Fathers Day

These men have to be away from their families to protect our country lets send them love and gratitude for all their sacrifices.

Soldiers_BabyMilitary father

Failed attempts at establishing a Father’s Day

Jane-Addams-

In 1911, Jane Addams proposed a city-wide Father’s Day in Chicago, but she was turned down.

In 1912, there was a Father’s Day celebration in Vancouver, Washington, suggested by Methodist pastor J. J. Berringer of the Irvingtom Methodist Church. They believed mistakenly that they had been the first to celebrate such a day. They followed a 1911 suggestion by the Portland Oregonian.

Harry C. Meek, a member of Lions Clubs International, claimed that he had first the idea for Father’s Day in 1915. Meek said that the third Sunday of June was chosen because it was his birthday. The Lions Club has named him “Originator of Father’s Day”. Meek made many efforts to promote Father’s Day and make it an official holiday.

 

 

Spelling

 

In the United States, Dodd used the “Fathers’ Day” spelling on her original petition for the holiday, but the spelling “Father’s Day” was already used in 1913 when a bill was introduced to the U.S. Congress as the first attempt to establish the holiday, and it was still spelled the same way when its creator was commended in 2008 by the U.S. Congress.

Officially, as the name suggests, the holiday celebrates people who are serving or were serving the Russian Armed Forces (both men and women). But the congratulations are traditionally, nationally accepted by all fathers, other adult men, and male children as well.

 

 

A different kind of Dad 

 

Pedicure papa

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Milk carton

International history and traditions

 

Native American Responsible Fatherhood (NARF) Day is a special day to honor and celebrate the importance of fatherhood and the great contributions fathers bring to strengthening families and communities. Fathers are the greatest untapped resource to help solve issues that many families and communities face. There is an immediate need to bring fathers back to their innate leadership role as fathers as established by our forefathers. The family is the heart of Native American cultures. There is no other work more important than fatherhood and motherhood.native american people

Argentina

 

Pablo Zabaleta

Pablo Zabaleta

 

Father’s Day in Argentina is celebrated on the third Sunday of June, but there have been several attempts to change the date to August 24, to commemorate the day on which the “Father of the Nation” José de San Martín became a father, it is great that they wish to honor a father of the country, which gets overlooked so much.

In 1953, the proposal to celebrate Father’s Day in all educational establishments on August 24, in honor of José de San Martín, was raised to the General Direction of Schools of Mendoza Province. The day was celebrated for the first time in 1958, on the third Sunday of June, but it was not included in the school calendars due to pressure from several groups.

Schools in the Mendoza Province continued to celebrate Father’s Day on August 24, and, in 1982, the provincial governor passed a law declaring Father’s Day in the province to be celebrated on that day.

In 2004, several proposals to change the date to August 24 were presented to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies as a single, unified project.  After being approved, the project was passed to the Senate of Argentina for final review and approval. The Senate changed the proposed new date to the third Sunday of August and scheduled the project for approval. However, the project was never addressed during the Senate’s planned session, which caused its ultimate failure.

 

 

Aruba

 

In Aruba, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

 

 

Australia

 

Aborigenes father australia

In Australia, Father’s Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of September, which is the first Sunday of Spring in Australia and is not a public holiday.

YMCA Victoria continues the tradition of honoring the role fathers and father figures play in parenting through the annual awarding of Local Community Father of the Year in 32 municipalities in Victoria. The Father’s Day Council of Victoria annually recognizes fathers in the Father of the Year Award.

Australia is a well-developed country with a multicultural society. Australia has a diverse culture and lifestyle that reflects its liberal democratic traditions and values. Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences.

 

 

Austria

Austria father

 

 

In Austria, Father’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of June and it is not a public holiday.

 

 

Belgium

Belgium father

 

In Belgium, Father’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of June and it is not a public holiday.

 

 

Brazil

 

Brazil-Marcio-2012

 

In Brazil Father’s Day (Dia dos Pais, in Portuguese) celebrated three months after Mother’s Day, on the second Sunday of August. A publicist Sylvio Bhering in the mid-1950s selected the date in honor of Saint Joachim, patriarch of the family (as well as the Catholic day of godfathers). It is not an official holiday (see Public holidays in Brazil), but it is widely observed and typically involves spending time with and giving gifts to one’s father.

 

 

Canada

 

In Canada, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Father’s Day typically involves spending time with one’s father or the father figures in one’s life. Small family gatherings and the giving of gifts may be part of the festivities organized for Father’s Day.

Father’s Day in Canada is celebrated with great gusto and fanfare and the revelry is usually never short of fun, feast, and merry-making. Father’s Day in Canada is dedicated to all the fathers and father figures including stepfathers, fathers-in-law, foster parents and family friends.

 

 

China

 

Father in China

In the People’s Republic of China, the official Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. This date was set according to international norms.

Prior to the People’s Republic, when the Republic of China (1912-1949) governed from Nanjing, Father’s Day was celebrated on August 8. This was determined by the fact that the eighth (ba) day of the eighth (ba) month makes two “eights” (八八, ba-ba), which sounds similar to the colloquial word for “daddy” (ba-ba,爸爸). It is still celebrated on this date in areas still under the control of the Republic of China, including in Taiwan.

 

 

Costa Rica

 

nosara-daddys-babies costa rica

In Costa Rica, the Unidad Social Cristiana party presented a bill to change the celebration of Father’s Day from the third Sunday of June to March 19, the day of Saint Joseph. That was in order to give tribute to this saint, who gave his name to the capital of the country San José, Costa Rica, and so family heads will be able to celebrate the Father’s Day at the same time as the Feast of Saint Joseph the Worker.  The official date is still the third Sunday of June.

 

 

Croatia

 

Luka-Modrić-Croatia fathers day

In Croatia, according to the Roman Catholic tradition, fathers are celebrated on Saint Joseph’s Day (Dan svetog Josipa), March 19. It is not a public holiday.

 

 

Denmark

Denmark dad

In Denmark, Father’s Day is celebrated on June 5.  It coincides with Constitution Day.

Estonia

Estonia father

 

In Estonia, Father’s day (“Isadepäev”) is celebrated on the second Sunday of November. It is an established flag day and a national holiday.

 

 

Finland

fathers-day-findland

 

In Finland, Father’s Day (Isänpäivä) is celebrated on the second Sunday of November. It is an established flag day.

The idea of father’s day came to Finland from the United States in the 1950s. Father’s day in Finland is not much different from mother’s day; father’s get gifts and cards by the rest of the family.

 

 

France

 

french Fathers-Day

 

 

 

In France lighter manufacturer “Flaminaire” introduced the idea of father’s day first in 1949 for commercial reasons. Director “Marcel Quercia” wanted to sell their lighter that used hexagon gas. In 1950, they introduced “la Fête des Pères”, which would take place every third Sunday of June (following the American example). Their slogan « Nos papas nous l’ont dit, pour la fête des pères, ils désirent tous un Flaminaire » (Our fathers told us, for father’s day, they all want a Flaminaire). In 1952, the holiday was officially decreed. A national father’s day comity is set up to instate a prize for fathers that deserve it most (originally, candidates were nominated by the social services of each town hall/mayor’s office); This complements “la Fête des Mères” (Mother’s day) which was made official in France in 1928 and added to the calendar in Vichy in 1941.

 

 

Germany

 

Hiking/drinking tour on Herrentag

In Germany, Father’s Day (Vatertag) is celebrated differently from other parts of the world. It is always celebrated on Ascension Day (the Thursday forty days after Easter), which is a federal holiday. Regionally, it is also called men’s day, Männertag, or gentlemen’s day, Herrentag. It is a tradition for groups of males (young and old but usually excluding pre-teenage boys) to do a hiking tour with one or more smaller wagons, Bollerwagen, pulled by manpower. In the wagons are wine or beer (according to region) and traditional regional food, Hausmannskost. Many men use this holiday as an opportunity to get drunk. According to the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, alcohol-related traffic accidents multiply by three on this day. The tradition of getting drunk is especially prevalent in Eastern Germany.

These traditions are probably rooted in Christian Ascension Day’s processions to the farmlands, which has been celebrated since the 18th century. Men would be seated in a wooden cart and carried to the village’s plaza, and the mayor would award a prize to the father who had the most children, usually a big piece of ham. In the late 19th century the religious component was progressively lost, especially in urban areas such as Berlin, and groups of men organized walking excursions with beer and ham. By the 20th century, alcohol consumption had become a major part of the tradition. Many people will take the following Friday off at work, and some schools are closed on that Friday as well; many people then use the resulting four-day-long weekend for a short vacation.

 

 

Haiti

Haiti

 

In Haiti, Father’s Day (Fête des peres) is celebrated on the last Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Fathers are recognized and celebrated on this day with cards, gifts, breakfast, lunch brunch or early Sunday dinner; whether enjoying the day at the beach or mountains, spending family time or doing favorite activities.

Children exclaim “bonne fête papa”, while everyone wishes all fathers “bonne Fête des Pères”. (Happy Father’s Day)

 

 

Hong Kong

 

hong-kong

 

In Hong Kong, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday (Sunday in Hong Kong is a public holiday).

 

 

Hungary

Hungary

 

 

 

In Hungary, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

 

 

India

India

Father’s Day is not a public holiday in India. In recent years, retailers have adapted to the holiday by promoting greeting cards and traditionally masculine gifts such as electronics and tools on the third Sunday of June. Some schools and other children’s programs commonly have activities to make Father’s Day gifts in some large cities. A father is meant to be the first ideal person for every child, so an image of a father for a child is very respectful from the beginning in India.

Father’s Day is a day when we commemorate and celebrate the presence of that special person in our life we call ‘dad’. A person who has unconditionally accompanied us in different walks of our life, without any mopes or regrets. He is the one who has graced our lives with his overwhelming presence every moment.

 

 

Indonesia

 

Indonesia

In Indonesia, Father’s Day is celebrated on November 12. It is not a public holiday. Father’s day in Indonesia has first declared in 2006 in Solo City Hall attended by hundreds of people from various community groups, including people from the community of inter-religion communication. Because of its recent declaration, there is not very much hype about the celebration, compared to the celebration of Mother’s Day on December 22.

 

 

Ireland

ireland

 

 

In Ireland, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

Father’s Day in Ireland is the same day when several other countries observe it. The celebrations in Ireland too are somewhat on the same line as it is celebrated in other parts of the world. It is seen as an opportunity for people to honor their father and express love.

 

 

Iran

Iran

Father’s Day in Iran is celebrated on the 13th Rajab, which is Imam Ali’s birthday. Imam Ali is the first Shia Imam. This day is also an occasion to celebrate manhood.

 

 

Israel

 

Israel

 

In Israel, Father’s day is usually celebrated on May 1 together with Workers’ Day or Labour Day.

 

 

Italy

 

 

Italy

In Italy, according to the Roman Catholic tradition, fathers are celebrated on Saint Joseph’s Day, commonly called Feast of Saint Joseph (Festa di San Giuseppe), March 19. It was a public holiday until 1977.

March indeed is a time of festivity and feasting for the Italians. From celebrating new blooms to weather changes, March is also the time when Italians celebrate St. Joseph’s Day or their Father’s Day. While the Americans celebrate their Father’s Day in the month of June

 

 

Japan

 

Japan

 

 

In Japan, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

 

 

Kenya

In Kenya, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Can you guess who this boy is?

 

 

Korea

korea

 

 

In South Korea, Parents’ day is celebrated on May 8 and is not a public holiday.

 

 

Latvia

 

In Latvia, Father’s Day (Tēvu diena) is celebrated on the second Sunday of September and is not a public holiday. In Latvia, people did not always celebrate this day because of the USSR’s influence with its own holidays. This day in Latvia was ‘officially born’ in 2008 when it was celebrated and marked in the calendar for the first time on September 14 (second September Sunday) to promote the idea that man as the father must be satisfied and proud of his family and children, also, the father is important to gratitude and loving words from his family for devoted to continuous altruistic concerns. Because this day is new to the country it does not have established unique traditions, but people borrow ideas from other country’s Father’s Day traditions to congratulate fathers in Latvia.

 

 

Lithuania

Lutania father

In Lithuania, Father’s Day (Tėvo diena) is celebrated on the first Sunday of June and is a public holiday.

 

 

Macau

In Macau, Father’s Day (Dia do Pai) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

Macau

 

In Macau, Father’s Day (Dia do Pai) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

 

 

 

Malaysia

Whizarts Wedding Photography

 

 

In Malaysia, Father’s Day falls on the third Sunday of June.

 

 

Mexico

Mexico

 

In Mexico, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

 

 

Nepal

Nepal

 

Main article: Gokarna Aunsi

The Newar population (natives of Kathmandu valley) in Nepal honors fathers on the day of Gokarna Aunsi, which occurs in late August or early September, depending on the year, since it depends on the lunar calendar. The Western-inspired celebration of Father’s Day that was imported into the country is always celebrated on the same day as Gokarna Aunsi.

The rest of the population has also begun to celebrate the Gokarna Aunsi day It is commonly known as Abu ya Khwa Swoyegu in Nepal Bhasa or Buwaako mukh herne din (बुवाको मुख हेर्ने दिन) in Nepali (literally “day for looking at father’s face”). On the new moon day (Amavasya) it is traditional to pay respect to one’s deceased father; Hindus go to the Shiva temple of Gokarneswor Mahadev, in Gokarna, a suburb of Kathmandu while Buddhists go to Jan Bahal (Seto Machhendranath or white Tara) temple in Kathmandu.

Traditionally, in the Kathmandu Valley, the south-western corner is reserved for women and women-related rituals, and the north-eastern is for men and men-related rituals. The worship place for Mata Tirtha Aunsi (“Mother Pilgrimage New Moon”) is located in Mata Tirtha in the south-western half of the valley, while the worship place for Gokarna Aunsi is located in the north-eastern half. This division is reflected in many aspects of life in the Kathmandu Valley.

 

 

Netherlands

Netherlands

 

 

Father’s Day in Deventer, Netherlands

In the Netherlands, Father’s Day (Vaderdag) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Traditionally, as on Mother’s Day, fathers get breakfast in bed made by their children and families gather together and have dinner, usually at the grandparents’ house. In recent years, families also started having dinner out, and as on Mother’s Day, it is one of the busiest days for restaurants. At school, children handcraft their present for their fathers. Consumer goods companies have all sorts of special offers for fathers: socks, ties, electronics, suits, and men’s healthcare products.

 

 

New Zealand

In New Zealand, Father’s Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of September and is not a public holiday.

Father’s day, in and around the world, is celebrated with much charm and enthusiasm. In New Zealand, which is the beautiful country of islands, Father’s Day is celebrated with the same zeal and fervor as in other parts of the world. 

 

 

Norway

Norway

 

In Norway, Father’s day (Farsdag), is celebrated on the second Sunday of November. It is not a public holiday.

 

 

Pakistan

Pakistan

Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. The Rutgers WPF launched a campaign titled ‘Greening Pakistan-Promoting Responsible Fatherhood’ on Father’s Day (Sunday, June 15, 2014) across Pakistan to promote active fatherhood and responsibility for the care and upbringing of children. Father’s Day is not a public holiday in Pakistan.

The 2016 Father Day celebration date is June 19, 2016

 

 

Peru

Peru

 

 

 

In Peru, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. People usually give a present to their fathers and spend time with him mostly during a family meal.

 

 

Philippines

Phillipines

 

In the Philippines, Father’s Day is officially celebrated every third Sunday of June, but it is not a public holiday. It is more widely observed by the public on the 3rd Sunday of June perhaps due to American influence.

 

 

Poland

poland

In Poland, Father’s Day is celebrated on June 23.

 

 

Portugal

Portugal

 

Father’s Day is celebrated on March 19 (see Roman Catholic tradition below) in Portugal. Father’s Day is not a bank holiday.

 

 

Romania

Romania

 

Beginning with 2010, in Romania, Father’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of May and it is recognized officially by the state. Out of the 27 states in the European Union, it was the only one without an official Father’s Day. Law 319/2009 made both Mother’s Day and Father’s Day official in Romania, and it was passed thanks to the campaigning from the Alliance Fighting Discrimination Against Fathers (TATA) Romanian Father’s day for 2012 was celebrated on May 13

 

 

Russia

russia1

Russia continues the Soviet Union’s tradition of celebrating Defender of the Fatherland Day instead of Father’s Day. It is usually called “Men’s Day” and it is considered the Russian equivalent of Father’s Day.

 

 

American Samoa

Samoan dad

In Samoa, Father’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday in August, and as a recognized national holiday on the Monday following.

 

 

Singapore

singapore

 

 

In Singapore, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June but is not a public holiday, to celebrate all fathers for their numerous contributions.

 

 

Slovakia

slovakia

 

In Slovakia, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. It is not a public holiday

 

 

South Africa

South africaSouth Africa has a celebration for every event and Father’s Day celebration in South Africa makes for a real sight! Observed on the third Sunday of June, Father’s Day in South Africa is more than just another event. It is all about expressing your endless affection and gratitude towards your dads.

 

 

 

 

South Sudan

 

South sudan

 

In South Sudan, Father’s Day is celebrated on the last Monday of August. The president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, proclaimed it before August 27, 2012. First celebrated on August 27, 2012, Father’s Day was not celebrated in South Sudan in 2011 due to the country’s independence.

 

 

Spain

Sanish father

 

 

Father’s day is known as ‘EI dia del padre’ in Spanish. It is celebrated on the 19th of March and falls on St. Joseph’s day since the Catholic Church holds a significant influence on its culture. This day is to commemorate the life of the patron saint of carpenters; Joseph, who set an example of fatherhood.

 

 

 

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

 

 

Father’s Day (In sinhala : Piyawarunge dhinaya, පියවරුන්ගේ දිනය & in Tamil: Thanthaiyar Thinam, தந்தையர் தினம்), is observed on the third Sunday of June. It is not a public holiday. Many schools keep special events to honor fathers.

 

 

 

Sudan

Sudan

In Sudan, Father’s Day (عيد الأب), is celebrated on the twenty-first of June.

 

 

 

Sweden

Sweeden

In Sweden, Father’s day (Fars dag), is celebrated on the second Sunday of November but is not a public holiday.

 The celebrations of Father’s Day began as early as 1930 in Sweden. In this European country, the celebrations of Father’s Day or Mother’s Day became popular because both the school and church supported the idea.

 

 

 

Taiwan

Taiwan

In Taiwan, Father’s Day is not an official holiday but is widely observed on August 8, the eighth day of the eighth month of the year. In Mandarin Chinese, the pronunciation of the number eight is bā, and the pronunciation is very similar to the character “” “bà”, which means “Pa” or “dad”. The eight-day of the eight-month (bā-bā) is a pun for dad (爸爸 or “bàba”). The Taiwanese, therefore, sometimes referred to August 8 as “Bābā Holiday” as a pun for “Dad’s Holiday” (爸爸節) or the more formal “Father’s Day” (父親節).

 

 

 

Thailand

Tahiland

In Thailand, the birthday of the king is set as Father’s Day.[40] December 5 is the birthday of the current king, Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX). Traditionally, Thai people celebrate by giving their father or grandfather a canna flower (ดอกพุทธรักษา Dok Buddha Ruksa), which is considered a masculine flower; however, this is not as commonly practiced today. Thai people will wear yellow on this day to show respect for the king because yellow is the color of the day for Monday, the day King Bhumibol Adulyadej was born. The locals flood the Sanam Luang, a massive park in front of the palace, to watch the king give his annual speech, and often stay until the evening when there is a national ceremony. They will light candles and show respect to the king by declaring their faith. This ceremony happens in almost every village in Thailand, and even overseas at Thai organizations.

It first gained nationwide popularity in the 1980s as part of a campaign by Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda to promote Thailand’s royal family. Mother’s Day is celebrated on the birthday of Queen Sirikit,  August 12.

Nothing can be as fulfilling and gratifying as the feeling of fatherhood, no feeling as great as holding one’s child in one’s arm and seeing him grow up into an able man someday. Being a father entails world’s greatest happiness and biggest responsibility.

 

 

Trinidad and Tobago

 

Trinidad tobago

In Trinidad and Tobago, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday in June and is not a public holiday.

 

 

 

Turkey

Turkey

In Turkey, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday in June and is not a public holiday.

 

 

United Arab Emirates

United arab

In the United Arab Emirates, Father’s Day is celebrated on June 21, generally coinciding with midsummer’s day.

 

 

United Kingdom

USA

 

In the United Kingdom, Father’s Day celebrated on the third Sunday of June, is not a public holiday.

Father’s Day is a secular festival that sees the celebration in different parts of the world. A day dedicated to fatherhood, the occasion is mainly celebrated to honor the hard work and sacrifice which every dad incurs for the happiness and luxurious life of his children.

 

 

 

United States

USA blak dad

 

Father’s Day at a Philadelphia Phillies game

Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. Typically, families gather to celebrate the father figures in their lives. In recent years, retailers have adapted to the holiday by promoting greeting cards and traditionally masculine gifts such as electronics and tools. Schools (if in session) and other children’s programs commonly have activities to make Father’s Day gifts. The US Open golf tournament is scheduled to finish on Father’s Day.

Father’s Day is elaborately celebrated with a lot of fanfare. On this particular day, children pay homage to their father and pamper him with loads of treats and gifts. The matchless popularity of Father’s Day in the USA is due to the fact that it is here that it got its first recognition.

 

 

Ukraine

 

In Ukraine, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of September.

 

 

 

Venezuela

Venezuela

In Venezuela, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Traditionally, as on Mother’s Day, families gather together and have lunch, usually at the grandparents’ house. In recent years, families also started having lunch out, and as on Mother’s Day, it is one of the busiest days for restaurants. At school, children handcraft their present for their fathers. Consumer goods companies have all sorts of special offers for fathers: electronics, suits, and men’s healthcare products.

Sunday is Father’s Day, the annual holiday where Americans celebrate the men who made them. You may love dear old dad, but how much do you actually know about the observance in his honor? Brush up on your Father’s Day background before the big Sunday barbecue.

Census data shows there are more than 70.1 million dads in the U.S. About a third of them are married with kids under 18.

Two million fathers are single.

Spending on Father’s Day will reach about $12.7 billion this year, with the average person spending about $115.57 on presents. That’s about $2 more than last year’s average.

The amount spent on Father’s Day is still less than what Americans spend on Mother’s Day — $21 billion.

Father’s Day is the fourth-biggest day for sending greeting cards, after Christmas, Valentine’s Day and Mother’s Day, according to the Greeting Card Association.

About 20 percent of Father’s Day cards are bought for husbands.

More than 214,000 men are stay-at-home dads.

Thailand’s Father’s Day is celebrated in December, on the birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Everyone wears yellow. 

On Father’s Day in Germany, men drink all day at beer gardens.

 

 

TV’s Favorite Dads

 

To celebrate Father’s Day, we’ve compiled a list of TV’s best and no so nice dads. While these dads are completely fictitious, these men have had a heavy influence on the way Americans approach fatherhood the power of media. We’ve got representatives from the “aw shucks” 1950s dad to the bumbling dad of the 21st Century.

 

 

 

Andy Taylor- The Andy Griffith Show

Andy Grifith

As a single dad, Sheriff Taylor did a fantastic job raising his son Opie. In every episode, Sheriff Andy taught his son and the rest of America one important lesson- do the right thing. Not only did Andy teach little Opie important life lessons, but he also made sure to spend plenty of time with him on fishin’ trips.

 

 

Steve Douglas- My Three Sons

Steve Douglas- My Three Sons

My Three Sons was one of many dad sitcoms from the 1950s and 60s based around a widowed father raising their kids. Steve Douglas was an aeronautical engineer trying to raise three sons first in the Midwest and then in Los Angeles, California. The show ran for 12 years and during that time, America saw Steve’s three sons move out, go to college, and get married. Raising well adjusted and successful family men definitely make you a great dad.

 

 

Jim Anderson- Father Knows Best

Jim Anderson- Father Knows Best

Jim Anderson, the patriarch of this almost perfect 1950s family, was a successful insurance agent at work and a fantastic dad at home. Jim always ended each episode by teaching his children some important moral lesson. The show is a bit campy and isn’t a reflection of what real family life is like, but Jim Anderson is definitely a refreshing portrayal of an American dad when all you see these days are a bunch of dopey fathers on TV.

 

 

Howard Cunningham- Happy Days

Howard Cunningham- Happy Days

Mr. Cunningham (or “Mr. C.” as the Fonz lovingly called him) was not only the dad to Richie and Joanie Cunningham, but he also acted as a father figure for the Fonz (who Mr. C let move into the family garage), Ralph Malph, and Potsie. He always laid down the law in his house. He was never his kids’ friend but was always their loving authority figure. Although he loses points for not losing any sleep when his son Chuck disappeared in the second season, in general, Mr. C was a great dad. My Favorite!!

 

 

How to Say the Dad in Various Languages

 

 

Afrikaans: Vader

Bangla: Baba or Abba

Basque: Aita

Bolognese: Pèder

Brazilian Portuguese: Pai

Breton: Tad

Chinese: Ba (Baa)

Cree (Canada): Papa

Croatian: Otac

Czech: Táta, Otec

Dakota (USA): Ate

Dutch: Vader, Papa or Pappie

East African: Baba

English: Father, Dad, Daddy, Pop, Poppa or Papa

Filipino: Tatay, Itay, Tay or Ama

French: Papa

Galician: Pai

German: Banketi or Papi

Hebrew: Abba (h)

Hindi: Papa or Pita-ji

Hungarian: Apa, Apu, Papa or Edesapa

Icelandic: Pabbi or Faðir

Indonesian: Bapa, Ayah or Pak

Irish: Athair or Daidí

Italian: Babbo

Japanese: Otosan or Papa

Judeo: Spanish, Padre, Baba or Babu

Kikuyu: Baba

Kiswahili: Baba

Ladin: Pere

Latin: Pater, Papa or Atta

Luo (Kenya): Baba

Malay: Bapa

Maltese: Missier

Modern Greek: Babbas

Nahuatl (Mexico): Ta’

Nepali: Buwa

Norwegian: Pappa or Far

Persian/Farsi: Pedar, Pitar or Baabaa

Polish: Tata or Ojciec

Portuguese: Pai

Quechua: Tata or Churiyaqe

Romanian: Tata, Parinte or Taica

Russian: Papa

Sanskrit: Tàtah or Janak

Sicilian: Patri

Slovak: Otec

Spanish: Papá, Viejo or Tata

Swedish: Pappa

Swiss German: Vatter

Turkish: Baba

Urdu: Abbu, Abbu-ji, Abbu-jaan

Venetian: Pare, Popà, ‘Opà, Pupà or Papà

Welsh: Tad

 

 

 

Humorous Jokes on Dads

Who is the Winner?

The father of five children had won a toy at a raffle.

He called his kids together to ask which one should have the present.

“Who is the most obedient?” he asked.

“Who never talks back to mother? and

“Who does everything a mother says?”

Five small voices replied in unison. “Okay, daddy! You get the toy.”

 

 

The Joy Ride

Bob was 16 and finally got hold of his driver’s license. In order to celebrate the special day, the whole family went out to the driveway and climbed into the car to enjoy his first official drive. However, dad went to the back seat, where he sat right behind his boy. When Bob saw his dad he said “Dad, you must be fed up of the front seat after teaching me how to drive all these days Right?” “Nope!”, came the quick reply from the dad. “I’m going to sit back here and kick the back of your seat while you drive, just like you’ve been doing to me for the last sixteen years!”

 

 

Magic Penny

After putting their three-year-old child Brian in bed, his parents heard muffled sobs coming from his room one night. Rushing back in, they found that the child was crying hysterically when he saw them. He told his parents that he had accidentally swallowed a penny and was sure that he would die now. The father, in an attempt to sober him down, took out a penny from his pocket and pretended to pull it out from Brian’s ear. The child was really thrilled and stopped crying at once. In a flash, he snatched the penny from his dad’s hand, swallowed it, and then cheerfully demanded, “Do it again, Dad!”

 

 

Long-haired David

After getting his driving license, David visited home during vacation and asked his dad for the family car. His dad agreed but put forwarded three conditions – good grades in school, a neat room, and a decent haircut. After several months, David came home again. He had followed the three things that he had promised his dad, except getting his hair cut. When the father saw that his son had disobeyed him, he asked for an explanation. David smartly said, “Hey dad, even Jesus had long hair.” His Father was not someone to be taken for a ride and smilingly replied, “Yes, son, you’re absolutely right. And Jesus also walked everywhere he went.”

 

 

Who’s the Boss?

While having their evening dinner together, a little girl looked up at her father and asked, “Daddy, you’re the boss in our family, right?” The father was very pleased to hear it and confidently replied, “Yes my little princess.” The girl then continued, “That’s because mommy put you in charge, right?”

 

 

The Little Beach Bum

A father was enjoying with his five-year-old son in the beach. Suddenly, the boy pointed to a dead bird and asked his father “Dad, what happened to this chap?” The dad coolly replied “Oh this? He just died and went to Heaven,” The little boy thought for a moment and then said, “Oh My, Did God throw him back down?”

 

 

Glass of Water

A small boy came up to his dad and meekly said “Daddy, Daddy, can I have another glass of water please?” The dad replied, “But I’ve given you 10 glasses of water already son!” The little boy then said, “Oh yes daddy, but the bedroom is still on fire!”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SaveSave

SaveSave

 

 

Human Touch

hands-together-heart2

 

Welcome once again to our site we are very grateful for your time and all the shares and wonderful comments, we spend many hours researching the top quality content for you, enjoy and please continue to share with others so more people can benefit, thank you from all of us.

In week 47 we are sharing another miraculous aspect of our human qualities, and that is TOUCH. Why write about touch? Well, it is very simple. We touch ourselves all the time even unconsciously at night when we sleep, brushing our hair, and in so many ways we are in contact with ourselves through touch. With that said, doing the same action with awareness will add up a lot more benefit to it. Being a mother, wife, pet owner, and a human being, I am always using touch to communicate feelings. In Chile where I was born, we are very touchy, we hug and kiss when we meet and express our emotions through touch a lot, which when I moved here caused me a lot of rethinking before I touch someone. It is a different custom that is all. Touch does so much for living beings from a comforting, reassuring, warning, and encouraging behaviors. Touch creates secretion of hormones and so much more. When I became a makeup artist I realized that through touch I could do so much, so I took courses in Cranial Sacral, Polarity, and medical Qi Gong. There I realized the depth of just how a small amount of touch produces considerable changes, not only physically but in the emotional and etheric systems. I used it to support the actors and many times the members of the working team. I fell in love with the idea of offering an extensive service that covers more than one gift alone and I continue to learn the gifts of touch. Here is important research from authorities that are loving, caring people that share their views and knowledge on touch. Enjoy and use your heart’s intention when you touch and you will make a huge difference.

Thank you once again. We have deep gratitude for all your support and visits from all of us at I-RAMA.com.

Dacher Keltner, the UC Berkeley psychology professor and faculty director of the Greater Good Science Center, shares his insights from the new science of touch: compassionate communication, touch therapies, and proof that “to touch is to give life.”

 

 

 

According to http://www.isciencetimes.com/articles/6073/20130917/sensitive-human-touch-new-research-suggests-fingers.htm

 

Highly qualified Researchers from the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden tested for years the depth of human tactile perception to get a feeling for how advanced human touch really is. In their Research, they found that human fingers can identify textures whose ridges are mere nanometers in size (also “nanometre”) is a unit used in measurements to measure length. One nanometer is one-billionth of a meter, so nanometers are certainly not used to measure long distances, it does not work for that. Instead, they serve to measure extremely small objects, such as atomic structures or transistors found in modern CPUs. It’s the first time this kind of data has been quantified, and the results are extraordinary.

“This means that, if your finger was the size of the Earth, you could feel the difference between houses from cars,” Mark Rutland, Professor of Surface Chemistry at the Royal Institute of Technology and one of the authors of the new study on human touch. “That is one of the most enjoyable aspects of this research. We discovered that a human being can feel a bump corresponding to the size of a very large molecule.” that is how amazing the human body really is.

If we consider that our skin is the largest organ we have, and for most people can be very sensitive and responsive through it, touch is of great importance to humans and many species of animals.

The warm feeling of a handheld it has so many emotional and physical ramification in our lives, the sensation of a soft cheek against ours, arms around shoulders in an embrace for a hello, a goodbye, or a conforming hug it can all go a long way toward expressing so many different feelings. But touch can actually give more than a momentary tingle touch can comfort and heal.

las-americas-institute-of-technology-8-638

 

The somatosensory system, also known as somatic senses, touch or tactile perception, is a complex sensory system. It is considered one of the five traditional senses. It is made up of a number of different receptors, including thermoreceptors, photoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, and chemoreceptors. It also comprises essential processing centers, or sensory modalities, such as proprioception, mechanoreception (touching), thermoception (perception of temperature), and nociception (sensation of pain). The sensory receptors cover the skin and epithelial tissues, skeletal muscles, bones and joints, internal organs, and the cardiovascular system.

Somatic senses are sometimes referred to as somesthetic senses, with the understanding that somesthesis includes touch, proprioception and (depending on usage) also the type haptic perception.

Processing primarily occurs in the primary somatosensory area in the parietal lobe of the cerebral cortex: information is sent from the receptors via sensory nerves, through tracts in the spinal cord and finally into the brain.

The system works when activity in a sensory neuron is triggered by a specific stimulus such as pain, for instance. This signal then passes to the part of the brain attributed to that area on the body—this allows the stimulus to be felt at the correct location. The mapping of the body surfaces in the brain is called a homunculus and plays a fundamental role in the creation of body image. This brain-surface (“cortical”) map is not immutable, however. Dramatic shifts can occur in response to stroke or injury.

General somatosensory pathway

A somatosensory pathway will typically have three long neurons: primary, secondary and tertiary (or first, second, and third).

  • The first neuron always has its cell body in the dorsal root ganglion of the spinal nerve (if a sensation is in parts of the head or neck not covered by the cervical nerves, it will be the trigeminal nerve ganglia or the ganglia of other sensory cranial nerves).
  • The second neuron has its cell body either in the spinal cord or in the brainstem. This neuron’s ascending axons will cross (decussate) to the opposite side either in the spinal cord or in the brainstem. The axons of many of these neurons terminate in the thalamus (for example the ventral posterior nucleus, VPN), others terminate in the reticular system or the cerebellum.
  • In the case of touch and certain types of pain, the third neuron has its cell body in the VPN of the thalamus and ends in the postcentral gyrus of the parietal lobe.

Periphery

In the periphery, the somatosensory system detects various stimuli by sensory receptors, e.g. by mechanoreceptors for tactile sensation and nociceptors for pain sensation. The sensory information (touch, pain, temperature etc.,) is then conveyed to the central nervous system by afferent neurons. There are a number of different types of afferent neurons that vary in their size, structure, and properties. Generally, there is a correlation between the type of sensory modality detected and the type of afferent neuron involved. For example, slow, thin, unmyelinated neurons conduct pain whereas faster, thicker, myelinated neurons conduct casual touch.

The receptive field of a particular afferent neuron is given by the sensory receptors supplying it, and in turn from a particular region of the skin.

Spinal cord

In the spinal cord, the somatosensory system includes ascending pathways from the body to the brain. One major target is the postcentral gyrus in the cerebral cortex. This is the target for neurons of the dorsal column-medial lemniscus pathway and the ventral spinothalamic pathway. Note that many ascending somatosensory pathways include synapses in either the thalamus or the reticular formation before they reach the cortex. Other ascending pathways, particularly those involved with control of posture are projected to the cerebellum. These include the ventral and dorsal spinocerebellar tracts. Another important target for afferent somatosensory neurons which enter the spinal cord are those neurons involved with local segmental reflexes.

Brain

Somatosensory cortex in the cerebral lobes

The primary somatosensory area in the human cortex (also called primary somatic sensory cortex or SI) is located in the postcentral gyrus of the parietal lobe and makes up four distinct fields or regions known as Brodmann areas  The postcentral gyrus is the location of the primary somatosensory area, the main sensory receptive area for the sense of touch. Any individual neuron has its receptive field on the skin.

A relationship between the somatosensory cortical areas and their projection of the body was discovered by recording electrical activity in the human cortex after mechanosensory stimulation of different body parts during neurosurgical procedures. These data led to the construction of somatotopic maps in which a somatotopic arrangement was generated. Like other sensory areas, there is a map of sensory space called a homunculus at this location. For the primary somatosensory cortex, this is called the sensory homunculus. Areas of this part of the human brain map to certain areas of the body, dependent on the amount or importance of somatosensory input from that area. For example, there is a large area of cortex devoted to sensation in the hands, whereas the human back has a much smaller area. The somatosensory information involved with proprioception and posture also targets an entirely different part of the brain, the cerebellum.

baby

The effect of touch depends, of course, upon the situation. A touch from someone can be relaxing or reassuring, off-putting or gentle, soothing or stimulating. Touch can also bond us together in ways that transcend words or in situations in which words may not help. Take babies, for instance. In one study it was found that fathers who gave their infants daily bedtime massages displayed more enjoyment and warmth with their child. In another, babies given a blood test were either swaddled in blankets or held, skin-to-skin, by their mothers. The babies being hugged had lower heart rates and cried 82% less than those left wrapped and lying in their cribs.

Touch’s comfort can extend to older kids, too. After receiving massage sessions, adolescents with ADHD expressed feelings of happiness, and their teachers noted a decrease in the adolescents’ fidgeting and off-task activities. Even self-massage has benefits, as proven by a study of people trying to deal with the cravings and anxiety associated with quitting smoking. When they felt the urge to smoke, test subjects were advised to rub their hands together or stroke their earlobes. Rubbed away with the tension was the urge to light up.

Some might argue that touch and massage just distract us from our aches or anxieties. But what to make of research that links massage therapy to decreased blood pressure in adults with hypertension or to the improved immune function in women with breast cancer? Some research suggests that people who are deprived of touch early in life may have a tendency toward violent or aggressive behavior later, and research in rats has found that rats with a strong mothering instinct (measured by licking and grooming their babies) were more likely have babies that showed a strong mothering instinct.

So, is touch simply a pleasant, soothing diversion? Is it mind over matter, or something more? No matter what the case, embrace the power of touch and invite it into your life:

• Go in for the rubdown. Even if you don’t have aches and pains, book a visit to a licensed massage therapist. You’ll leave more relaxed.

• DIY massage. If you’re shy about stretching out for a massage therapist, try self-massage techniques, like rubbing your hands together to warm them and then cupping them over your closed eyes. Feel the calm wash over you as your eyes and facial muscles relax.

• Conduct some hug research. When you greet a friend or family member, go in for an embrace rather than a handshake or nod. Sample a few different varieties of hugs – arms around the waist, hands on the shoulder blades. Linger in the hug a little and really relish the sensation of closeness.

• Touch is an all-ages activity. Babies can benefit from gentle touch and massage, but the need and desire for human contact don’t dwindle as we age. Remember older relatives and friends, especially those who live on their own or who have lost their husbands or wives.

loving-baby

 

From https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/wired-success/201503/8-reasons-why-we-need-human-touch-more-ever

Physical contact distinguishes humans from other animals. From a warm handshake or sympathetic hug to a congratulatory pat on the back, we have developed complex languages, cultures, and emotional expression through physical contact. But in a tech-saturated world, non-sexual human touch is in danger of becoming rare, if not obsolete. Despite the benefits of digital advancement, it is vital to preserve human touch in order for us truly to thrive.

Humans become nearly unrecognizable in the absence of touch. Two hundred years ago, French scientists spotted a creature resembling a human running through the forests. Once captured, they determined he was 11 years old and had run wild in the forests for much of his childhood. Originally the child, “Victor,” was determined to be an idiot; French physicians and psychiatrists eventually concluded he had been deprived of human physical touch, which had retarded his social and developmental capacities.

 

Scientific research now correlates physical touch with the following important areas:

diagram-sense-touch

1 Decreased violence. Less touch as a child leads to greater violence. American developmental psychologist James W. Prescott proposed that the origins of violence in society were related to the lack of mother-child bonding. Child developmental research illustrates that the absence of physical bonding and healthy attachment between an adult and child may result in lifelong emotional disturbances.

2 Greater trust between individuals. Touch helps to bond people together. Daniel Keltner, the founding director of the Greater Good Science Center and professor of psychology at University of California, Berkeley, cites the work of neuroscientist Edmund Ross, who found that physical touch activates the brain’s orbitofrontal cortex, linked to feelings of reward and compassion. According to Keltner, “studies show that a simple touch can trigger a release of oxytocin, aka ‘the love hormone.'” Our skin contains receptors that directly elicit emotional responses, through stimulation of erogenous zones or nerve endings that respond to pain, according to researchers Auvray, Myin, and Spence.

3 Economic Gain. Keltner links economic benefits to physical touch, probably because “touch signals safety and trust; it soothes. Basic warm touch calms cardiovascular stress. It activates the body’s vagus nerve, which is intimately involved with our compassionate response.” NBA teams whose players touch each other more, for example, win more games.

4 Decreased disease and stronger immune system. Physical touch may also decrease disease. According to research conducted at the University of North Carolina, women who receive more hugs from their partners have lower heart rates and blood pressure: “Hugs strengthen the immune system…The gentle pressure on the sternum and the emotional charge this creates activates the Solar Plexus Chakra. This stimulates the thymus gland, which regulates and balances the body’s production of white blood cells, which keeps you healthy and disease-free.” Research at the University of California’s School of Public Health found that getting eye contact and a pat on the back from the doctor may boost the survival rate of patients with complex diseases.

5 Stronger team dynamics. Paul Zak, the author of The Moral Molecule, argues, “We touch to initiate and sustain cooperation.” He conducted a “neuroeconomics” study from which he argues that hugs or handshakes are likely to cause the release of the neurochemical oxytocin, which increases the chances that a person will treat you “like family,” even if you just met.

6 More non-sexual emotional intimacy. Interpersonal touch has a powerful impact on our emotions. Studies have shown that a gentle brush of a woman’s arm can boost a man’s chances in love; another study showed that two-thirds of women agreed to dance with a man who touched her on the arm a second or two before making the request.

7 Greater learning engagement. When teachers touch students platonically, it encourages their learning. French psychologist Nicolas Guéguen reports (link is external)
 that when teachers pat students in a friendly way, those students are three times as likely to speak up in class. Another recent study has found that when librarians pat the hand of a student checking out a book, that student says he or she likes the library more and is more likely to return.

8 Overall wellbeing. Adults require human touch to thrive. Keltner says, “In recent years, a wave of studies has documented some incredible emotional and physical health benefits that come from touch. This research is suggesting that touch is truly fundamental to human communication, bonding, and health.”  As Sharon K. Farber says, “Being touched and touching someone else are fundamental modes of human interaction, and increasingly, many people are seeking out their own professional touches and body arts teachers—chiropractors, physical therapists, Gestalt therapists, Rolfers, the Alexander-technique and Feldenkrais people, massage therapists, martial arts and T’ai Chi Ch’uan instructors. And some even wait in physicians’ offices for a physical examination for ailments with no organic cause—they wait to be touched.”

 

In conclusion: Physical touch is the foundational element of human development and culture. The growing preoccupation with digital media versus personal physical contact, combined with the social and legal restrictions over the physical contact in our schools and workplaces, may unintentionally affect these factors negatively. To foster a safe social environment in a climate of mediated communication, we should intentionally hold on to physical touch.

 

 

Sensory receptors in human skin

 

 

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It all starts in the bottom layer of our skin. There, a series of informational conveyor belts called Merkel cells, feed data from the skin to the body’s central nervous system. The body then responds with a surge of hormones. And, if you’re receiving the right kind of touch — as opposed to a creepy one or a punch in the nose — you’ll get a dose of oxytocin, the aptly named “cuddle hormone.”

The results are palpable. Spearheaded by labs throughout the country that are dedicated to the science of touch, a slew of new studies are proving that touch — gentle, empathetic, and supportive — comes with incredibly emotional and physical health benefits. “Touch is our body’s largest and the oldest sense,” says Jeanne AbateMarco, MS, RN, CNS, clinical nurse coordinator of the Department of Integrative Health Programs at NYU Langone Medical Center. “It’s a channel of communication. It’s integral to the human experience.”

 

ch12-ppt-lect-5-728

 

But, no two touches are the same.

From:http://www.livescience.com/35219-11-effects-of-oxytocin.html

 

 

Oxytocin

oxytocin

Oxytocin the so-called “love hormone” is being increasingly shown to trigger a wide variety of physical and psychological effects in both women and men.
The hormone’s influence on our behavior and physiology originates in the brain, where it’s produced by the by a structure called the hypothalamus, and then transfers to the pituitary gland which releases into the bloodstream. Like antennas picking up a signal, oxytocin receptors are found on cells throughout the body. Levels of the hormone tend to be higher during both stressful and socially bonding experiences, according to the American Psychological Association.
“It’s like a hormone of attachment, you might say,” said Carol Rinkleib Ellison, a clinical psychologist in private practice in Loomis, California and former assistant clinical psychiatry professor at the University of California, San Francisco. “It creates feelings of calm and closeness.”
Though scientists have long known about oxytocin’s role in breastfeeding and childbirth, “We’re just learning more about it now,” Ellison said.

 

A stream of studies in the last decade has focused on oxytocin’s effects on body and mind. Here’s a look at what we’ve learned.

Though often referred to as the “trust hormone” oxytocin is increasingly being seen as a brain chemical that does a lot more than just bring couples closer together.

New research is suggesting that oxytocin plays a crucial part in enabling us to not just forge and strengthen our social relations, but in helping us to stave off a number of psychological and physiological problems as well. But more conceptually, oxytocin is proving to be a crucial ingredient to what makes us human. Here are ten reasons why oxytocin is simply the most incredible molecule on the planet:

 

1. It’s easy to get

One of the neat things about oxytocin is that you can get your fix anywhere and at any time. All you need to do is simply hug someone or shake their hand. The simple act of bodily contact will cause your brain to release low levels of oxytocin — both in yourself and in the person you’re touching. It’s a near-instantaneous way to establish trust. And the good news is that the effect lingers afterward. There’s even evidence that simply gazing at someone will do the trick — or even just thinking about them. And you shouldn’t feel limited by the human species; it also helps to hug and play with your pets. And for those who can’t produce enough oxytocin on their own, or who feel they could use a boost, the molecule can be easily synthesized and administered as a drug.

 

2. A love potion that’s built right in

Often referred to as the “love molecule”, oxytocin is typically associated with helping couples establish a greater sense of intimacy and attachment. Oxytocin, along with dopamine and norepinephrine, is believed to be highly critical in human pair-bonding. But not only that, but it also increases the desire for couples to gaze at one another, it creates sexual arousal, and it helps males maintain their erections. When you’re sexually aroused or excited, oxytocin levels increase in your brain significantly — a primary factor for bringing about an orgasm. And during the orgasm itself, the brain is flooded with oxytocin — a possible explanation for why (some) couples like to cuddle after.

 

3. It helps mom to be a mom

But oxytocin isn’t just limited to helping couples come together — it’s an indispensable part of childbirth and mother-child bonding. Oxytocin helps women get through labor by stimulating uterine contractions, which is why it’s sometimes administered (as Pitocin) during labor. It’s been known to promote delivery and speed up contractions. After birth, mothers can establish intimacy and trust with their baby through gentle touches and even a loving gaze. In addition, mothers can pass on oxytocin to their babies through breast milk. And it’s worth noting that fathers can reap the benefits of oxytocin as well; new dads who are given a whiff of oxytocin nasal spray are more likely to encourage their children to explore during playtime and are less likely to be hostile.

 

4.Reduces social fears

Given its ability to break down social barriers, induce feelings of optimism, increase self-esteem, and build trust, oxytocin is increasingly being seen as something that can help people overcome their social inhibitions and fears. Studies are showing that it may be effective in treating debilitating shyness or to help people with social anxieties and mood disorders. It’s also thought that oxytocin could help people suffering from the post-traumatic stress disorder. In addition, given that autism is essentially a social communication disorder, it’s being considered as a way of helping people on the spectrum as well. And lastly, oxytocin, through its trust-building actions, can help heal the wounds of a damaged relationship — another example of how the mind gets its plasticity.

 

5. Healing and pain relief

Amazingly, oxytocin can also be used to heal wounds (through its anti-inflammatory properties). Studies have also shown that a rise in oxytocin levels can relieve pain — everything from headaches, cramps, and overall body aches. Now, that being said, the trick is to get some oxytocin action while you’re in pain — which is not so easy. This is where synthetics can certainly help. Alternately, if you find yourself in physical discomfort, you could always ask your partner for a roll in the hay. So guys, be sure to use this crucial information the next time your significant other declines your advances and tells you she has a headache.

 

6. A diet aid

Perhaps surprisingly, it can also be used to prevent obesity in some instances. Researchers have observed that oxytocin and oxytocin receptor-deficient mice become obese later in life — and with normal food intake. Scientists believe that the hormone might be responsible for a series of beneficial metabolic effects, both in mice and humans. Moreover, by giving oxytocin-deficient obese mice oxytocin infusions, their weight returned back to normal levels. The mice also showed reduced glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. This clearly suggests an alternative option for those struggling to keep the weight off.

 

7. An antidepressant

Oxytocin was first observed to have a connection to depression through its effects on mothers suffering from the postpartum syndrome. Researchers found that some new mothers were dealing with depression on account of low levels of oxytocin. In fact, they were able to predict postpartum during the pregnancy if the expectant mother had low levels of oxytocin. Recent studies of blood levels and genetic factors in depressed patients have revealed the potential for treating people with clinical depression and even anxiety disorders.

 

8. Stress relief

Not surprisingly, given its ability to alleviate social anxiety and produce feelings of trust, oxytocin has the peripheral ability to reduce stress — which is no small thing when you consider the toll that stress takes on the body. Oxytocin has been observed to reduce cortisol in the body and lower blood pressure. It’s also been known to improve digestion, which is often disturbed by high-stress levels. Interestingly, oxytocin and the oxytocin receptors have been found in the intestinal tract; it improves gut motility and decreases intestinal inflammation.

 

9. Increases generosity

In what could be seen as either a good or bad thing, oxytocin has been observed to increase generosity in humans. Evolutionary biologists, particularly those who subscribe to the selfish gene theory, have long struggled to understand why people sometimes share or give away things — often at a personal cost. But several lines of research have connected oxytocin to feelings of empathy. In one study that required persons to share money with a stranger, infusions of oxytocin were shown to make some subjects as much as 80% (wow!) more generous than those on a placebo.

 

10. It’s what makes us human

In other words, all the above. It’s clear that we really wouldn’t be human without it — we would simply lack the ability to be the social, caring species that we are. Now, it should be noted, however, that, while oxytocin increases in-group trust, it produces the opposite feeling for those in the out-group — so it’s not the “perfect drug” some might proclaim it to be. That being said, oxytocin plays a crucial role in forging our ability to spark and maintain relationships, while endowing us with the ability to empathize, trust, and even love one another. Without it, we would be something significantly less than what we are.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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